Which of these is a major motivation for countries to trade with one another?


What is the most likely result of specialization in producing products A and B?

What is the MOST LIKELY result of specialization in producing Products A and B? The increased output means the U.S. and Japan can trade excess units of Products A and B.

Why must countries trade with each other quizlet?

International trade enables consumers to have a greater choice of products, some coming from different countries. Different countries possess different resources. Individual countries may need certain raw materials or goods to produce something. So they have to import the commodities they lack.

What is a likely result of an increase in trade between nations?

International trade not only results in increased efficiency, it also allows countries to participate in a global economy, encouraging the opportunity for foreign direct investment (FDI). In theory, economies can therefore grow more efficiently and can more easily become competitive economic participants.

When one country can produce a product more cheaply than another country can this is called?

Comparative advantage refers to the ability of a party to produce a particular good or service at a lower opportunity cost than another. Even if one country has an absolute advantage in producing all goods, different countries could still have different comparative advantages.

What is the specialization?

Specialization is a method of production whereby an entity focuses on the production of a limited scope of goods to gain a greater degree of efficiency. … This specialization is thus the basis of global trade, as few countries have enough production capacity to be completely self-sustaining.

What is the difference between absolute advantage and comparative advantage quizlet?

Absolute advantage is the ability to produce a good using fewer inputs than another producer, while comparative advantage is the ability to produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than another producer (reflecting the relative opportunity cost). … Comparative advantage is more important for trade.

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Why should the two countries trade with each other?

Countries trade with each other when, on their own, they do not have the resources, or capacity to satisfy their own needs and wants. By developing and exploiting their domestic scarce resources, countries can produce a surplus, and trade this for the resources they need.

What are three reasons why countries trade with each other?

Reasons for Trade

  • Differences in Technology. Advantageous trade can occur between countries if the countries differ in their technological abilities to produce goods and services. …
  • Differences in Resource Endowments. …
  • Differences in Demand. …
  • Existence of Economies of Scale in Production. …
  • Existence of Government Policies.

What are examples of trade barriers?

The barriers can take many forms, including the following:

  • Tariffs.
  • Non-tariff barriers to trade include: Import licenses. Export control / licenses. Import quotas. Subsidies. Voluntary Export Restraints. Local content requirements. Embargo. Currency devaluation. Trade restriction.

What would happen if countries did not trade with each other?

what would happen without international trade? without international trade, many products would not be available on the world markets. … when a country is able to produce more of a given product than another nation.

How does trade affect the economy?

Trade is central to ending global poverty. Countries that are open to international trade tend to grow faster, innovate, improve productivity and provide higher income and more opportunities to their people. Open trade also benefits lower-income households by offering consumers more affordable goods and services.

Which is one result of international trade?

Which is one result of international trade? Trade creates new markets. Which best explains the purpose of protectionist trade policies such as tariffs and subsidies? They allow producers to sell their products more cheaply than foreign competitors.

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What happens if the cost difference is the same in two countries?

If the cost different between two countries are equal or if opportunity cost are same between two different countries then there would be nothing to gain from gaining expertise, the countries are alike and there is no advantage from producing the good overseas rather than at home.

What if one country has absolute advantage in both goods?

Even when one country has an absolute advantage in all products, trade can still benefit both sides. This is because gains from trade come from specializing in one’s comparative advantage.

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