What is meant by the triangular slave trade?
On the first leg of their three-part journey, often called the Triangular Trade, European ships brought manufactured goods, weapons, even liquor to Africa in exchange for slaves; on the second, they transported African men, women, and children to the Americas to serve as slaves; and on the third leg, they exported to …
What is the triangular trade system?
Mercantilism led to the emergence of what’s been called the “triangular trade”: a system of exchange in which Europe supplied Africa and the Americas with finished goods, the Americas supplied Europe and Africa with raw materials, and Africa supplied the Americas with enslaved laborers.
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
How did Britain profit from the slave trade?
British profits were made from exporting manufactured goods to Africa and importing slave products such as sugar. Ports such as Glasgow, Bristol and Liverpool prospered as a result of the slave trade.
What are the causes of triangular slave trade?
These seven factors led to the development of the slave trade:
- The importance of the West Indian colonies.
- The shortage of labour.
- The failure to find alternative sources of labour.
- The legal position.
- Racial attitudes.
- Religious factors.
- Military factors.
What were the three points of the triangle?
The three points of the triangle were: Africa, Europe, and the Americas.
Who benefited the most from the triangular trade?
Who benefited from the Transatlantic Slave Trade?
- British slave ship owners – some voyages made 20-50% profit. …
- British Slave Traders – who bought and sold enslaved Africans.
- Plantation Owners – who used slave labour to grow their crops. …
- The factory owners in Britain – who had a market for their goods.
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Some slaves were captured directly by the British traders. They ambushed and captured local people in Africa. Most slave ships got their slaves from British ‘factors’, who lived full-time in Africa and bought slaves from local tribal chiefs.
What did Europe bring to Africa?
There they were exchanged for iron, guns, gunpowder, mirrors, knives, cloth, and beads brought by boat from Europe. When Europeans arrived along the West African coast, slavery already existed on the continent.
What impact did trade have on West Africa?
The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads. As trade developed across Africa, major cities developed as centers for trade.
What were the effects of African slavery on the Caribbean?
The slave trade had long lasting negative effects on the islands of the Caribbean. The native peoples, the Arawaks, were wiped out by European diseases and became replaced with West Africans.
What made the British Empire so rich?
British traders made fortunes from ships freighted with opium off the coast of China. They helped themselves to the riches of India. They planted new crops in their expanding colonies, like rubber in Malaysia. The key factor in the development of the Empire however, was the demand for sugar.
When did it become illegal to own a slave in the UK?