What did the West Indies trade in the triangular trade?
Triangular trade is a term that describes the Atlantic trade routes between three different destinations, or countries, in Colonial Times. The Triangular Trade routes, covered England, Europe, Africa, the Americas and the West Indies. The West Indies supplied slaves, sugar, molasses and fruits to the American colonies.
What goods were involved in the triangular trade?
On the first leg of their three-part journey, often called the Triangular Trade, European ships brought manufactured goods, weapons, even liquor to Africa in exchange for slaves; on the second, they transported African men, women, and children to the Americas to serve as slaves; and on the third leg, they exported to …
What did the colonies import from the West Indies?
They collected “country produce” from outlying farmers at their stores in exchange for imported goods: English cloth, iron, glass, and crockery; East Indian silk, tea, and spices; and West Indian sugar, molasses, rum, salt, fruit, and coffee.
What ocean did the triangular trade cross?
What impact did the triangular trade have on the Americas?
As more traders began using “triangular trade,” demand for colonial resources rose, which caused two tragic changes in the economy: More and more land was required for the collection of natural resources, resulting in the continuing theft of land from Native Americans.
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
Who benefited most from the triangular trade?
Who benefited from the Transatlantic Slave Trade?
- British slave ship owners – some voyages made 20-50% profit. …
- British Slave Traders – who bought and sold enslaved Africans.
- Plantation Owners – who used slave labour to grow their crops. …
- The factory owners in Britain – who had a market for their goods.
Who did the triangular trade benefit?
Triangular trade benefited European nations because it opened new markets for their own goods while also enabling them to obtain trade commodities…
What was the first stage of the triangular trade?
The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa: cloth, spirit, tobacco, beads, cowrie shells, metal goods, and guns. The guns were used to help expand empires and obtain more slaves (until they were finally used against European colonizers).
What are the West Indies called today?
Nowadays, the term West Indies is often interchangeable with the term Caribbean, although the latter may also include some North and South American mainland countries which have Caribbean coastlines.
What is the West Indies called now?
Today the West Indies, better know as the Caribbean, is comprised of many island countries, dependencies and territories, and (as a group) remain one of the premier tourist destinations on the planet.
Where did the slaves in the West Indies come from?
Between 1662 and 1807 Britain shipped 3.1 million Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Africans were forcibly brought to British owned colonies in the Caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations.
What is the triangular trade route?
The ‘Triangular Trade’ was the sailing route taken by British slave traders. It was a journey of three stages. A British ship carrying trade goods set sail from Britain, bound for West Africa. Slaves were chained together to be moved. At first some slaves were captured directly by the British traders.
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Most slaves in Africa were captured in wars or in surprise raids on villages. Adults were bound and gagged and infants were sometimes thrown into sacks.