What was the main commodity of the trans Saharan trade route?
The major trade commodity of the Trans-Saharan trade route was gold.
What was traded on the trans Saharan trade route?
The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail. This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves. … Slaves would be taken to southern Spain as household servants.
What were some impacts of the trans Saharan trade route?
These technologies made this route far safer and easier to travel, and thus trans-Saharan trade flourished, carrying salt, gold, slaves, and cowrie shells, the last of which were used as currency.
What are the causes of trans Saharan trade?
1In fact, the origin of the Trans-Saharan trade was a result of the precious and rich resources in Africa. Interestingly, the Trans-Saharan trade extended from the Sub-Saharan West African kingdoms (Ghana, Mali and Songhay) across the Sahara desert to Europe.
Which two commodities seem most important to the trans Saharan trade?
The two most important trade items of the trans-Saharan trade network. Gold was mined on the West African Coast and traded for salt from the Sahara Desert. A network of trading cities across the Sahara Desert that connected west Africa with north Africa, the Mediterranean region, and the Middle East.
What religion spread the Trans Saharan route?
With the increased volume of trans-Saharan trade in the Islamic period, new cultural influences began to spread in Western Africa. The most important of them was a new religion, Islam, which was adopted in the states belonging to the sphere of the caravan trade by the end of the eleventh century.
How long was the trans Saharan trade route?
Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara between sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa. While existing from prehistoric times, the peak of trade extended from the 8th century until the early 17th century.
What does Trans Saharan mean?
Trans-Saharan trade was when people traveled across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, or the Levant. … The trade was also used to transport slaves and food to different places.
Why was salt so valuable in the trans Saharan trade?
Salt was a highly valued commodity not only because it was unobtainable in the sub-Saharan region but because it was constantly consumed and supply never quite met the total demand. There was also the problem that such a bulky item cost more to transport in significant quantities, which only added to its high price.
What two factors led to the growth of trans Saharan trade?
The two factors that led to the growth of trans-Saharan trade were the introduction of the camel and the spread of Islam.
Why were camels so important in the trans Saharan trade?
Consequently, why were camels so important in the trans Saharan trade? Traders moved their goods across the Sahara in large groups called caravans. Camels were the main mode of transportation and were used to carry goods and people. Sometimes slaves carried goods as well.
How did the gold salt trade benefit Ghana?
How did trade help Ghana develop? As trade in gold and salt increased, Ghana’s rulers gained power, aiding growth of their military, which helped them take over others’ trade. … They taxed traders coming and leaving Ghana, and they used their armies to protect trade routes.
Who started the trans Saharan trade?
Mali and Mansa Musa
Perhaps the most famous and influential kingdom linked to the trans-Saharan trade was that of Mali. Mali was founded by Sunjata Keita in the 13th century, defeating the blacksmith king Sumanguru Kante.
How did the trans Saharan trade route start?
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
The first route seems to have been between Wadi Draa (southern Morocco) and the Ghana Empire (southern Mali) in the mid-8th century CE and passed through an area of the Sahara controlled by the Sanhaja Berbers.