What was triangular trade in the colonies?
Triangular trade is a term that describes the Atlantic trade routes between three different destinations, or countries, in Colonial Times. The Triangular Trade routes, covered England, Europe, Africa, the Americas and the West Indies. The West Indies supplied slaves, sugar, molasses and fruits to the American colonies.
What are the 3 parts of the triangular trade?
On the first leg of their three-part journey, often called the Triangular Trade, European ships brought manufactured goods, weapons, even liquor to Africa in exchange for slaves; on the second, they transported African men, women, and children to the Americas to serve as slaves; and on the third leg, they exported to …
Who did the 13 colonies trade with?
The original 13 colonies were divided into the New England, Middle and Southern regions.
Trade in the Colonies.RegionEconomy, Industries and Trade in the ColoniesMiddle ColoniesCorn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding
Why was the triangular trade important to the colonies?
As slave labor was in high demand in the colonies, the triangular trade was lucrative for Europe, which allowed the trade to remain robust for centuries. The slave labor supplied to the colonies allowed for the proliferation of plantations, which in turn helped with the growth and prosperity of the New World.
Why did the triangular trade start?
Triangular trade thus provides a method for rectifying trade imbalances between the above regions. Historically the particular routes were also shaped by the powerful influence of winds and currents during the age of sail.
What was the impact of the triangular trade to American history?
Trade with Europeans led to far-reaching consequences among Native American communities, including warfare, cultural change, and disease. Although the British government attempted to control colonial trade through measures like the Navigation Acts, it only sporadically enforced trade laws.
Who started the triangular trade?
The triangular trade
The slave trade began with Portuguese (and some Spanish) traders, taking mainly enslaved West African (and some Central African) people to the American colonies they had conquered in the 15th century.
What was the last leg of the triangular trade?
The second stage of the Triangular Trade, The Middle Passage, involved shipping the slaves to the Americas. The third, and final, stage of the Triangular Trade involved the return to Europe with the produce from the slave-labor plantations: cotton, sugar, tobacco, molasses and rum.
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
What did the colonies import?
The colonial economy depended on international trade. American ships carried products such as lumber, tobacco, rice, and dried fish to Britain. In turn, the mother country sent textiles, and manufactured goods back to America.
What was sent from the 13 colonies to Africa?
From the West Indies, molasses and sugar are sent to the 13 colonies. From the 13 colonies, raw iron and rum are shipped to Africa. These are traded for more slaves, and the process starts over again.
What did Britain provide for the colonies?
England needed raw materials that her colonies could supply. Lumber, wool, iron, cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo were among the products needed in England. British manufacturers in the meantime needed markets for the goods they produced.
Who benefited the most from the triangular trade?
New England. New England also benefited from the trade, as many merchants from New England, especially the state of Rhode Island, replaced the role of Europe in the triangle. New England also made rum from Caribbean sugar and molasses, which it shipped to Africa as well as within the New World.
What is the triangular trade route?
The ‘Triangular Trade’ was the sailing route taken by British slave traders. It was a journey of three stages. A British ship carrying trade goods set sail from Britain, bound for West Africa. Slaves were chained together to be moved. At first some slaves were captured directly by the British traders.