What drove the sugar trade thesis?
Thesis. The most important factors that drove the Sugar Trade were the availability of the Caribbean Islands to the British, the increasing desire for sugar, England’s strong economy, complementary industries (i.e. slave trade), and commercialism.
What was the sugar trade?
Sugar, or White Gold, as British colonists called it, was the engine of the slave trade that brought millions of Africans to the Americas beginning in the early 16th-century. Profit from the sugar trade was so significant that it may have even helped America achieve independence from Great Britain.
What caused the sugar trade?
The rise of slavery and a good climate in the Caribbean fueled the global increase in sugar consumption. Europeans enjoyed their sugar and were causing the inhumane Atlantic slave trade. The conditions for enslaved people on sugar plantations in the Caribbean were especially brutal.
How did the slaves make sugar?
Producing the crop
Growing sugar was hard, labour-intensive work. Sugar was produced in the following way: The ground had to be dug, hoed, weeded, planted and then fertilised with manure, all under the hot West Indian sun. Slave gangs consisting of men, women and children worked under white overseers.
Why was sugar so expensive?
But cane sugar remained an expensive import. … The crucial problem with sugar production was that it was highly labour-intensive in both growing and processing. Because of the huge weight and bulk of the raw cane it was very costly to transport, especially by land, and therefore each estate had to have its own factory.
What did slaves eat?
Enslaved people were typically given a peck of cornmeal and 3-4 pounds of pork per week, and from those rations come soul food staples such as cornbread, fried catfish, barbecued ribs, chitterlings, and neckbones.
Why was sugar called white gold?
Drinking coffee and cocoa with sugar became fashionable among Europe’s elite. It was making so much money for its traders that they called it “white gold.” … He discovered that when the sweet substance in white beets was in crystalline form, it was able to mimic the flavor of cane sugar.
What was used before sugar?
Before sugar became known, our ancestors ate honey, dates and other sweet foods, which they also used as sweeteners. We know this from writings and reliefs from ancient Mediterranean cultures. Honey is our oldest known sweetener.
How many hours did slaves work a day?
On a typical plantation, slaves worked ten or more hours a day, “from day clean to first dark,” six days a week, with only the Sabbath off. At planting or harvesting time, planters required slaves to stay in the fields 15 or 16 hours a day.
How did the slaves live?
Slave life varied greatly depending on many factors. Life on the fields meant working sunup to sundown six days a week and having food sometimes not suitable for an animal to eat. Plantation slaves lived in small shacks with a dirt floor and little or no furniture.