What is the concept of Jiva in the Jain system?
The Jain word that comes closest to soul is jiva, which means a conscious, living being. For Jains body and soul are different things: the body is just an inanimate container – the conscious being is the jiva.
What did Bactrian Menander and Kushan ruler Kanishka have in common?
What did Bactrian Menander and Kushan ruler Kanishka have in common? Both men converted to Buddhism and promoted it in their kingdoms. The Gupta rulers were Hindu and banned the practice of Jainism and Buddhism in their empire.
What was the major economic and cultural links between India and Southeast Asia?
What were the economic and cultural links between India and Southeast Asia? Some Indians would sail to southeast Asia to trade for spices. The increase of trade led to a lot of banking in India. These merchants made a lot of money when giving people loans and then charging interest for their loans.
Does Jain believe in God?
Jainism and the divine
Jains do not believe in a God or gods in the way that many other religions do, but they do believe in divine (or at least perfect) beings who are worthy of devotion.
What do Jains do with their dead?
In order to keep the Earth clean and pure, Jains cremate those who pass away. The cremation is done as soon as possible and cannot be done between sunset and sunrise of the day following the death.
Who defeated kushans?
According to Chinese chronicles, the Kushans (referred to as Da Yuezhi in Chinese sources) requested, but were denied, a Han princess, even though they had sent presents to the Chinese court. In retaliation, they marched on Ban Chao in 90 CE with a force of 70,000 but were defeated by the smaller Chinese force.
Why did the Kushan Empire fall?
Kushan control fragmented into semi-independent kingdoms as the Sassanians attacked from the west and the Guptas attacked from the east, collapsing the Kushan Empire around 375 CE.
Which Chinese ruler defeated Kanishka?
King Han Ho-ti
Is Thailand influenced by India?
Historically, the cultural and economic interaction between the two countries can be traced to roughly around the 6th century B.C. The single most significant cultural contribution of India, for which Thailand is greatly indebted to India, is Buddhism.
How did India and China influence Southeast Asia?
Influences of India and China on Southeast Asia
Rugged mountains separated Laos, Thailand, Burma and Cambodia from China. As a consequence they were influenced more by Hinduism and Buddhism which came from India. … Khmer Civilization at Angkor Wat began as Hindu Civilization.
Why do Thai have Indian names?
I’m not sure about Indonesian names but for Thai names, they sound Indian because the roots of Thai language derives from the Indian languages if Pali and Sanskrit (as English has roots in Latin & Greek) and although both are considered ‘dead’ languages the roots are still very prevalent especially in Buddhist chants.
Who is God for Jains?
Lord Mahavir was the twenty-fourth and the last Tirthankara of the Jain religion. According to Jain philosophy, all Tirthankaras were born as human beings but they have attained a state of perfection or enlightenment through meditation and self realization. They are the Gods of Jains.
How do Jains pray?
Jains worship the images of four and twenty Tirthankaras (lit. “ford-makers”) and siddha (infinite liberated beings). In Jainism, the purpose of prayer is to break the barriers of worldly attachments and desires and to assist in the liberation of the soul. Jains do not pray for any favors, material goods or rewards.