What did the West Indies trade in the triangular trade?
Triangular trade is a term that describes the Atlantic trade routes between three different destinations, or countries, in Colonial Times. The Triangular Trade routes, covered England, Europe, Africa, the Americas and the West Indies. The West Indies supplied slaves, sugar, molasses and fruits to the American colonies.
Which items were traded between Africa and the West Indies?
Products from the Thirteen Colonies include fish, whale oil, lumber, tobacco, rum, iron products, flour, and meat; products from England and Europe include teas, spices, furniture, cloth, tools, and iron products; products from Africa include slaves and gold; products from West Indies include slaves, sugar, and …
What did England export in the triangular trade?
This typically involved exporting raw resources, such as fish (especially salt cod), agricultural produce or lumber, from British North American colonies to slaves and planters in the West Indies; sugar and molasses from the Caribbean; and various manufactured commodities from Great Britain.
What was the triangular trade system?
Mercantilism led to the emergence of what’s been called the “triangular trade”: a system of exchange in which Europe supplied Africa and the Americas with finished goods, the Americas supplied Europe and Africa with raw materials, and Africa supplied the Americas with enslaved laborers.
What were the 3 points of the triangular trade?
On the first leg of their three-part journey, often called the Triangular Trade, European ships brought manufactured goods, weapons, even liquor to Africa in exchange for slaves; on the second, they transported African men, women, and children to the Americas to serve as slaves; and on the third leg, they exported to …
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
What was sent from Africa to the West Indies?
In triangular trade, each trade route had three stops. Thus, a triangle is formed when plotted on a map. From Africa, slaves are sent to the West Indies. From the West Indies, molasses and sugar are sent to the 13 colonies.
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Most slaves in Africa were captured in wars or in surprise raids on villages. Adults were bound and gagged and infants were sometimes thrown into sacks.
What items did European traders trade for African slaves?
Africans were either captured in warring raids or kidnapped and taken to the port by African slave traders. There they were exchanged for iron, guns, gunpowder, mirrors, knives, cloth, and beads brought by boat from Europe. When Europeans arrived along the West African coast, slavery already existed on the continent.
Which three ports traded slaves in England?
The slave trade was carried out from many British ports, but the three most important ports were London (1660-1720s), Bristol (1720s-1740s) and Liverpool (1740s-1807), which became extremely wealthy. Under the1799 Slave Trade Act, the slave trade was restricted to these three ports.
Who benefited the most from the triangular trade?
New England. New England also benefited from the trade, as many merchants from New England, especially the state of Rhode Island, replaced the role of Europe in the triangle. New England also made rum from Caribbean sugar and molasses, which it shipped to Africa as well as within the New World.
What raw materials did Britain get from India?
In 1600 Britain founded the East India Company. As the East India Company expanded, its political control increased. The Company introduced raw materials such as tea, jute and rubber to the UK, which were essential to Britain’s development as an economic powerhouse.
What indentured servants?
Indentured servitude refers to a contract between two individuals, in which one person worked not for money but in exchange for the price of passage to America. The system of indentured servitude was popular during the wave of European immigrants to the U.S. in the 1600s.
What was the second leg of the triangular trade?
An US History tutor answered. The middle passage was the second leg of the triangle trade. This was the section of the trade which took slaves from Africa to the Americas.