What led to the decline of the trans Saharan trade?
The logistics of travel through the desert (heat, lack of water, etc.), unrest along the Trans-Saharan routes (Ex: Moroccan attack on Songhai empire-Timbuktu), and advancements in maritime travel, along with shifting economic and political contexts all combined to the decline of Trans-Saharan trade.
What was the impact of the trans Saharan trade?
It has been argued that perhaps one of the most significant effects of the trans-Saharan trade was the establishment and proliferation of the trade in human beings (Brett 1969). Sub-Saharan African slaves were bartered for bars of salt and other Mediterranean goods.
What characterized trans Saharan trade and how did it affect West African society?
What characterized trans-Saharan trade (north south trade across sahara) and how did it affect West African society? -brought lasting economic and social change to Africa, facilitating the spread of Islam via muslim arab traders, and affected the development of world commerce.
What was major turning point in the history of the trans Saharan trade routes?
However, the major blow to trans-Saharan trade was the Battle of Tondibi of 1591–92. Morocco sent troops across the Sahara and attacked Timbuktu, Gao and some other important trading centres, destroying buildings and property and exiling prominent citizens.
What religion spread the Trans Saharan route?
With the increased volume of trans-Saharan trade in the Islamic period, new cultural influences began to spread in Western Africa. The most important of them was a new religion, Islam, which was adopted in the states belonging to the sphere of the caravan trade by the end of the eleventh century.
What were the three main products in the trans Saharan trade?
The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail. This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves.
What were the main two products in the trans Saharan trade?
Gold Trade and the Mali Empire
Gold remained the principal product in the trans-Saharan trade, followed by kola nuts and slaves.
What impact did trade have on West Africa?
The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads. As trade developed across Africa, major cities developed as centers for trade.
What role did Berbers play in African trade?
Slaves were farmers and domestic servants. What role did Berbers play in African trade? they carried trade across the desert, helping to make countries and kingdoms prosper.
What does Trans Saharan mean?
Trans-Saharan trade was when people traveled across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, or the Levant. The trade existed during the prehistoric times. … The trade was also used to transport slaves and food to different places.
Why was salt so valuable in the trans Saharan trade?
Salt was a highly valued commodity not only because it was unobtainable in the sub-Saharan region but because it was constantly consumed and supply never quite met the total demand. There was also the problem that such a bulky item cost more to transport in significant quantities, which only added to its high price.
Why was the trans Saharan trade important?
Trans-Saharan trade also provided strong motivation for the formation of large Sudanic states and empires to protect traders and trade routes, which in turn brought in the necessary wealth to conduct wars of population and territorial expansion, to acquire horses and superior iron weaponry, to send thousands of …