When did trade networks become truly global?


Why did Portugal begin longer Maritime Voyages CA 1430 CE?

Why did Portugal begin longer maritime voyages ca. 1430 CE? … Portugal wanted to trade in the Indian Ocean trade network and their geographic characteristics such as a long coast line and facing out towards the Atlantic made it ideal for the Portuguese to begin longer seafaring expeditions.

Why was Portugal the first country to embark on an exploration program?

Portugal became the first European nation to embark on a program of exploration. King John’s son, Prince Henry, was motivated by a crusading zeal to convert people to Christianity and an economic zeal to gain access to West Africa’s legendary sources of gold under took various voyages and expedition.

What did the Portuguese do in order to try to create a trading post empire?

Portuguese mariners built the earliest trading -post empire. They did not want to conquer territories, but to control trade routes by forcing merchant vessels to call at fortified trading sites and pay duties there.

What was the Afro Eurasian trading world prior to the era of European exploration?

What was the Afro-Eurasian trading world before Columbus? well developed trade routes linked the peoples and products of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Europeans played a minor role in the Afro-Eurasian trading world because they did not produce many products desired by Eastern elites.

When did trade networks become truly global quizlet?

Between 1450 and 1750, however, an entirely new trade route emerged and became the world’s dominant network of exchange. The Atlantic System connected the old and new worlds in a triangular pattern across the ocean. A truly global system of trade was established.

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How do developments in European agricultural reflect the importance of new technology?

How do developments in European agriculture reflect the importance of new technology? … Better agricultural methods led to Europe making more money, loosening the bonds of serfdom, growing populations, and making city life more popular.

What led to the Portuguese development of maritime technology?

Astrolabe invented by the Portuguese following the principles of the Islamic astrolabe. III. … Portuguese development of maritime technology and navigational skills led to increased travel to and trade with West Africa, and resulted in the construction of a global trading-post empire.

Why were the Portuguese and Spanish first explored?

From this measure, the sailor could determine his latitude. … Once there, they would sail east or west on that latitude until they reached land. Spain and Portugal were among the first European nations to explore because. they were bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

Who discovered Portugal?

In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal. Ten years later, Afonso de Albuquerque conquered Goa in India, Muscat and Ormuz in the Persian Strait, and Malacca, now a state in Malaysia. Thus, the Portuguese empire held dominion over commerce in the Indian Ocean and South Atlantic.

Why did Portugal lose its empire?

Portugal lost its empire due to the change in the world order that made colonialism no longer acceptable. After WWII, colonial empires were no longer viable. The war made clear that a major power shift from Europe to North America had happened. … For the West, Portugal was not a democracy.

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Why did Portuguese empire fall?

The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974. The National Salvation Junta (Junta de Salvação Nacional) – was to end the wars and take Portugal out of its African colonies.

Does Portugal still have colonies?

Portugal returned Macau to China in 1999. The only overseas possessions to remain under Portuguese rule, the Azores and Madeira, both had overwhelmingly Portuguese populations, and Lisbon subsequently changed their constitutional status from “overseas provinces” to “autonomous regions”.

What was the impact of European conquest on the peoples and ecologies of the New World?

Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.

In what ways did European states exploit their colonies?

The Europeans exploited their colonies by forcing unpaid labor, spreading stavartion and disease, and local industries were suppressed or discouraged. One example of Europeans exploitation includes their involvement with the opium trade with China.

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