What technology was traded on the trans Saharan trade route?
Caravans were groups of traders traveling together, which often protected them from desert raiders. These technologies made this route far safer and easier to travel, and thus trans-Saharan trade flourished, carrying salt, gold, slaves, and cowrie shells, the last of which were used as currency.
Who traveled the trans Saharan trade route?
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
The really large camel caravans that travelled the minimum 1000 kilometres (620 miles) to cross the entire Sahara desert really took off from the 8th century CE with the rise of Islamic North African states and such empires as the Ghana Empire of the Sudan region (6th-13th century CE).
What was the impact of the trans Saharan trade?
It has been argued that perhaps one of the most significant effects of the trans-Saharan trade was the establishment and proliferation of the trade in human beings (Brett 1969). Sub-Saharan African slaves were bartered for bars of salt and other Mediterranean goods.
How long was the trans Saharan trade route?
Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara between sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa. While existing from prehistoric times, the peak of trade extended from the 8th century until the early 17th century.
What were the three main products in the trans Saharan trade?
The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail. This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves.
Why is the trans Saharan trade important?
Trans-Saharan trade also provided strong motivation for the formation of large Sudanic states and empires to protect traders and trade routes, which in turn brought in the necessary wealth to conduct wars of population and territorial expansion, to acquire horses and superior iron weaponry, to send thousands of …
Why was travel across the Sahara difficult?
Travel across the Sahara was challenging because the journey was long and travelers could lose their way or be unable to find water. … A Muslim historian and traveler who crossed the Sahara with his trade caravan.
What does Trans Saharan mean?
Trans-Saharan trade was when people traveled across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, or the Levant. The trade existed during the prehistoric times. … The trade was also used to transport slaves and food to different places.
What were the main two products in the trans Saharan trade?
Gold Trade and the Mali Empire
Gold remained the principal product in the trans-Saharan trade, followed by kola nuts and slaves.
What is the difference between trans Saharan and Indian Ocean trade?
Trans Saharan Trade- land based, traded bananas, slaves, gold, ivory, and local plants. Not seasonal trade, merchants and camels helped exchange, gold trade in Ghana. Indian Ocean Trade- maritime trade, depended on seasonal winds (monsoons), traded textiles, cotton, spices, porcelain, horses, slaves, silk.
Why did caravans cross the Sahara?
In the eighth century CE, after camels were introduced into North Africa, Muslim merchants of North Africa began to organize regular camel caravans across the western Sahara. At times a North African merchant could sell his salt for an equivalent weight in gold. …