What was brought to Africa from Europe in the triangular trade?
On the first leg of their three-part journey, often called the Triangular Trade, European ships brought manufactured goods, weapons, even liquor to Africa in exchange for slaves; on the second, they transported African men, women, and children to the Americas to serve as slaves; and on the third leg, they exported to …
What trade routes linked Europe Africa and the Americas?
Triangular Trade Across the Atlantic
The Atlantic slave trade formed one part of a three-legged international trade network known as triangular trade. This was a triangle-shaped series of Atlantic trade routes linking Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
What countries were involved in the triangular trade?
The Triangular Trade routes, covered England, Europe, Africa, the Americas and the West Indies. The West Indies supplied slaves, sugar, molasses and fruits to the American colonies.
How did the triangular trade change the world?
The triangular trade brought new crops and goods to Africa. African leaders took advantage of the economic benefits offered by the trade and willingly sold captives and prisoners of war to European traders. In general, though, historians believe that the slave trade irreparably harmed Africa.
Why did the triangular trade start?
Triangular trade thus provides a method for rectifying trade imbalances between the above regions. Historically the particular routes were also shaped by the powerful influence of winds and currents during the age of sail.
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Most slaves in Africa were captured in wars or in surprise raids on villages. Adults were bound and gagged and infants were sometimes thrown into sacks.
Who started the triangular trade?
The triangular trade
The slave trade began with Portuguese (and some Spanish) traders, taking mainly enslaved West African (and some Central African) people to the American colonies they had conquered in the 15th century.
What does triangular trade mean?
a pattern of colonial commerce connecting three regions and crossing the Atlantic Ocean, specifically the transporting of enslaved Africans to the Americas, cotton and other raw materials from the Americas to Europe, and textiles and other manufactured goods from Europe to West Africa, or a similar repeating trade …
What items did European traders trade for African slaves?
Africans were either captured in warring raids or kidnapped and taken to the port by African slave traders. There they were exchanged for iron, guns, gunpowder, mirrors, knives, cloth, and beads brought by boat from Europe. When Europeans arrived along the West African coast, slavery already existed on the continent.
Who benefited the most from the triangular trade?
New England. New England also benefited from the trade, as many merchants from New England, especially the state of Rhode Island, replaced the role of Europe in the triangle. New England also made rum from Caribbean sugar and molasses, which it shipped to Africa as well as within the New World.
What was the second leg of the triangular trade?
An US History tutor answered. The middle passage was the second leg of the triangle trade. This was the section of the trade which took slaves from Africa to the Americas.
What were the consequences of the triangular trade?
As more traders began using “triangular trade,” demand for colonial resources rose, which caused two tragic changes in the economy: More and more land was required for the collection of natural resources, resulting in the continuing theft of land from Native Americans.
What factors caused the Atlantic trade?
These seven factors led to the development of the slave trade:
- The importance of the West Indian colonies.
- The shortage of labour.
- The failure to find alternative sources of labour.
- The legal position.
- Racial attitudes.
- Religious factors.
- Military factors.