How did Justinian’s actions contribute to the fall of the Byzantine Empire?
Justinian himself planted the seeds for the Byzantine Empire’s decline. First, his constant wars and the rebuilding of Constantinople after the Nika Riot caused serious financial problems for the empire. The reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia alone cost about 320,000 pounds of gold.
Who did the Venetians trade with?
During the 1200s, trade between Egypt, Syria, Southeast Asia, Iran and China was present, especially with their trade of spices, grain, wine, and salt. The spice trade with the east was the reason for Venice’s expansion of their high quality textile manufacturing.
How did trade affect the Byzantine Empire?
Trade and commerce were essential components of the success and expansion of the Byzantine Empire. Trade was carried out by ship over vast distances, although for safety, most sailing vessels were restricted to the better weather conditions between April and October.
How did religion affect the Byzantine Empire?
The Byzantine Empire influenced many cultures, primarily due to its role in shaping Christian Orthodoxy. The modern-day Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest Christian church in the world. … Byzantine architecture, particularly in religious buildings, can be found in diverse regions from Egypt to Russia.
What impact did the Macedonian empire have on the Byzantine Empire?
The Macedonian Dynasty saw the Byzantine Renaissance, a time of increased interest in classical scholarship and the assimilation of classical motifs into Christian artwork. The empire also expanded during this period, conquering Crete, Cyprus, and most of Syria.
Who is in the Ottoman Empire?
The Ottoman Empire is one of the largest empires in history. In existence for 600 years, at its peak it included what is now Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel and the Palestinian territories, Macedonia, Romania, Syria, parts of Arabia and the north coast of Africa.
How did Venice become so rich?
Venice became rich and powerful through naval trade, as their geographical position allowed them to be the critical middleman between the Middle East and destinations throughout Europe. … All this gave Venice substantial protection against piracy, and made them a true rival on the seas of the Ottoman Empire.
Why were the Venetians and Ottomans trade partners?
Due to their proximity the Ottomans were ideal trading partners for the Venetians. … The Venetians had ships and nautical expertise; the Ottomans had access to many of the most valuable goods in the world, especially pepper and grain. Together, the Ottoman Empire and Venice grew wealthy by facilitating trade.
What was the most important commodity the Ottomans brought to Venice?
As a Venetian ambassador expressed, “being merchants, we cannot live without them.” The Ottomans sold wheat, spices, raw silk, cotton, and ash (for glass making) to the Venetians, while Venice provided the Ottomans with finished goods such as soap, paper, and textiles.
What language did they speak in the Byzantine Empire?
Though Byzantium was ruled by Roman law and Roman political institutions, and its official language was Latin, Greek was also widely spoken, and students received education in Greek history, literature and culture.
Why was Constantinople the center for trade in the Byzantine Empire?
The Byzantine economy was among the most robust economies in the Mediterranean for many centuries. Constantinople was a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Eurasia and North Africa. … One of the economic foundations of the empire was trade.
Why did the Byzantine Empire have such a successful economy?
It had a strong agricultural and trade based economy. It inherited an already in place infrastructure, leadership and military from Rome. This provided a solid economic foundation for them to dominate the Mediterranean. Until it’s Arab conquests Egypt was the main source of grain for the Empire.
What made the Byzantine Empire rich and successful for so long?
What made the Byzantine Empire rich and successful for so long, and why did it finally crumble? Constantinople sat in the middle of a trade route,sea and land. Its wealth came from trade and its strong military. Constantinople remained secure and prosperous while cities in western Roman empire crumbles.
What was the religion in the Byzantine Empire?
The type of Christianity practiced in Byzantium was called Eastern Orthodox. Eastern Orthodox Christianity is still practiced today. The head of the Eastern Orthodox Church is called the Patriarch of Constantinople. There were also men called bishops in the major cities of the Empire.